In a country with such a rich historical heritage as Greece, is not easy to single out the most interesting places. These are some of the sites on the Greek mainland, which if your travels take you, you should not miss this destination.
Hellenic Republic, widely known and most well- known Greece, Located in the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula, Greece is bordered by: Turkey, Bulgaria, Albania and Macedonia.
This country of exceptional natural beauty with access to the sea: the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean, and numerous islands are a paradise for tourists from around the world.
Although we found ourselves in front of the difficult task, we were able to separate the 10 most beautiful tourist sites in this beautiful country.
1-2 Day Corfu Island
The island, which most certainly visit Serbian tourists is the second largest group in the Ionian Islands, Corfu is the northernmost island of the country.
The capital and the island itself was named after Nymph Kerkyra, abducted by Poseidon and hid it on this island. The total length of the island is 64, and is widely 20 kilometers.
“Green Island” is one of the richer Greek islands. Although well-developed agriculture, due to favorable climatic conditions, it is certainly the most developed tourism.
On the island should certainly visit the capital city of Corfu and its old town, then Pontikonisi Monastery, located near the islands called. Mission island, Paleokastritsa Monastery and the nearby bay, the oldest village of Corfu Palia Perithia and of course, Vido island, where the mausoleum dedicated to the Serbian warriors from the First World War.
In Corfu, and there is a special place called the Bay of love. There is a belief that everyone who comes to this place twice, always coming back. Bay of love is near the town of Sidari, on the north of the island.
3 Day Monasteries of Meteora ( gr . Μετέωρα )
This unique monastery complex is located in western Thessaly, near the town of Kalambaka.
What makes this compound a unique and unusual is the position of the monastery. Located at the rocks in the form of columns, Meteors after the Holy Mountain monastery valuable group and as such are under the protection of UNESCO.
The entire complex consists of six monasteries , of which only one is female : the monastery of the Great Meteor, Varlaam monastery, St. Barbara , known as Rusanu, the Monastery of St. Nicholas Anapaus, St. Stephen and Holy Trinity .
It is assumed that in the 11th century in what is now Meteora stayed monks, and the construction of the monastery began somewhat later, In the beginning there were up to 20 monasteries. It was only in the 20th century carved stairs to smooth the way to the monastery.
According to scientific research, unique wall on which are placed the old monasteries are about 60 million years ago.
4-5 Day The Island of Santorini or Thira
One of the most famous and most popular Greek islands belong to a group called. Cyclades Island and engulfing him waters of the Aegean Sea.
It is interesting that the shape of the island in the form of reverse Cyrillic letters. On western part of the bay, and our eastern volcano. It is believed that because of the explosion of the volcano, the year 1600 BC destroyed the Minoan civilization.
Santorini can see beaches that are considered the most beautiful see the whole territory of Greece, and the nightlife is very rich.
6 Day Atina
The capital of Greece, Atina is also the largest and most developed city. Also, one of the oldest cities in the world.
The name comes from the goddess Athena, which is considered the patroness of the city. The first inhabitants settled Acropolis hill in the surrounding of today’s city center, since Neolithic times. 4000-3000 year BC.
What you certainly must visit when you are in the capital of Greece as the Acropolis and Plaka. Acropolis will enjoy views of the entire city.
7 Day Sunion
At the southernmost point of Attica lies Cape Sounion. From Athens is 70 kilometers.
Sunion is known for the ruins of the famous temple of Poseidon, Which remains were surrounded on three sides by the sea. On these ruins of the famous English poet, Byron engraved his own name.
Watching the sun set from the ruins of the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion leaves tourists breathless, so this is now a very popular tourist destination.
8 Day Akropol
The Athens Akropol is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. Represents a fortress dating from the 5th century BC and the memory of the establishment of democracy, the first beginnings of theater and science. At this point philosophers are asking tough questions and received written history of an art form. Acropolis rises several important monuments – Parthenon, the Erechtheion, the Temple of Athena Nike and the Propylaea magnificent entrance gate.
9 Day Mycenae
Known as the home of the legendary King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. Homer Mycenae was described as a dominant city guilds princely countries in the period of 1600 – 1100 BC Modern scientists agree that the Greek archipelago at the time was similar to the feudal Europe. The dominance of powerful Mycenae confirmed the rich findings during the excavations. The royal tomb that was discovered by Schliemann was able to preserve the great treasures, among which the most famous gold death mask.
Mycenae is due to the fact situated in the center of a rich culture. She also maintained regular contacts with Syria and Cyprus. When you find yourself in this place, you cannot let your imagination and sail in the Homeric legend.
Pay attention to the Lion’s Gate, which is the emblem of the city. Two lions, which unfortunately missing persons, stand on either side of the gate, turn toward each other, and represent the spiritual protection of the main gate. The city walls are so massive that they were even ancient Greeks considered the work of the gods. The gates on both sides defended towers. Although built to withstand the fiercest attacks, there is no data recorded at that time led any war in the region.
Historians place Mycenae seen in the collapse of the standard of living that has hit the entire eastern Mediterranean.
10 Day Olympia
Known as the home of the ancient Olympic Games, Olympia is one of the most beautiful sites in Greece, preserved thanks to the mud that covered by the nearby river Alpheus. From the very beginning 776 BC The Olympic Games were held in this place every 4 years, until it was not abolished by the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius 426 years.
Building on the west side, used as a Byzantine church, originally was the workshop of the classical sculptor Phidias, responsible for overseeing the construction and decoration of the Parthenon, as well as making a colossal statue of Zeus at Olympia, one of the seven wonders of the world. Stand on the left side of the entrance to the stadium once had carried the statue of Zeus whose development was paid for by those who have been caught cheating at the Olympics.
The stadium is in the 4th century BC when it was built, Olympia seemed much larger than is the case today. The spectators sat on the grassy benches, and the only seats were reserved for the judges and the priestess of Demeter – the only woman who was allowed to attend.
Game’s opening race in the 200 meters and ran from east to west of the stadium or the temple of Zeus in whose honor competed.
11 Day Korint
Although Corinth is one of the most important sites in ancient Greece, the majority of visitors coming today because St stay. Paul in the region during the Roman period. Remembering the early period of history represents the Temple of Apollo, the oldest Doric temple in Greece. Sv. Paul preached in the forum which is now fenced. Visitors should imagine parallel walls that ran along the Corinthian Gulf.
12-13 Day Sparta
The historian Thucydides predicted 2,500 years ago will remain a bit of Sparta will remind you of its size. The city that was once the center Peloponnesian League and the home of the greatest warriors of the ancient world, it’s almost gone. The local museum you should not miss. Among the items is a famous archaic sculptures Leonidas, hero of the Battle of Thermopylae.
14 Day Kerameikos
Every time you say the word “ceramic” giving homage to this ancient site. This is an area which extends on both sides of the river Eridanus, a few kilometers from the Acropolis. More from Mycenae, to classical times it was used for two purposes – as a cemetery and a place to produce ceramics.
The surviving are very good examples of classical pottery and tombstones. In this place there is a famous Dipylon master (dual) gate, which is within Pompeion, where they held the greatest Athenian festivals. From this gate moves Sent path that introduces Elefsina Mysteries, to the town of Elefsina.
15 Day Vergina
When you go to the north, be sure to visit the Macedonian royal capital of Vergina. By the time of Alexander the Great, it was the capital, and ceremonial center of the Macedonian dynasty. Excavations in 1977 revealed the tomb of Philip II, father of Alexander the Great.
He was buried in a stone tomb with various objects – among them are preserved woodcraft in ivory with the play father and son , a bust of Alexander is the only known performances of this ruler made during his life. Golden Urn batch ashes of King.